Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are the major driver for climate change, one of the biggest challenges facing the world today. According to ICA’s analysis based on 2018 data, copper production represents approximately 0.2 percent of global GHG emissions. While this contribution to global GHG emissions is currently low, copper demand is expected to double by 2050, driven in part by the need for copper for the clean energy transition. Given this awareness, copper miners and producers recognize that they have a responsibility to mitigate GHG emissions, and many companies have made commitments to and are engaged in reducing their GHG emissions.
There is currently no sector-specific methodology available for determining the carbon footprint (CF) of sites producing copper and copper-containing products. This can lead to differences in how CFs are calculated, as those responsible for reporting rely on general standards and frameworks that do not include copper specificities. This best practice guidance has therefore been developed to provide a first harmonized and consistent approach for determining the CF of copper products and sites.